thomas_hobbes.jpg
Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes was a philosopher from England in the 1600’s. He wrote a book called Leviathan. It was said to establish the foundation for most of western political philosophy from the perspective of social contract theory. “Social Contract Theory” is the method of justifying political principles or arrangements by appeal to the agreement that would be made among suitably situation rational, free, and equal persons. He believed people are naturally cruel and can be described in purely mechanistic terms. He also believed in a powerful absolute monarchy government was need to keep people under control.




John Locke

John Locke was born in England; he was a philosopher in the late 1600’s. His written work consisted of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Two Treaties of Government, and The Harvard Classic. The Two Treaties he wrote about were actually written in sections, the first section talks about the refutation of Sir Robert Filmer, the second talks about a theory of civil society. He believed that human nature was just a whole bunch of selfish men. He also thought the government should protect citizens and their rights and that’s all they should do.
portrait.jpg
John Locke